The Ambition of James and John

Matthew 20: 17-28
Jer 18: 18-20/ Ps 31: 5-6. 14. 15-16/ Mt 20: 17-28

“Can you drink the cup I am going to drink?” They answered, “We can.” Jesus said to them, “You will indeed drink from my cup . . .”
(Matthew 20: 22-23)

Lord, take away all my ambition,
Desire for prominence, my pride. . .
If serving You be my commission,
I leave it all for You to decide.

Zebedee’s wife came to Jesus with her sons, James and John, and kneeling down, asked a favor of Him. “What is it you want?” He asked. She said, “Grant that one of these two sons of mine may sit at your right and the other at your left in your kingdom.” Jesus said to them, “You don’t know what you are asking. Can you drink the cup I am going to drink?” “We can,” they answered. Jesus said to them, “You will indeed drink from my cup, but to sit at my right or left is not for me to grant. These places belong to those for whom they have been prepared by my Father.” When the ten heard about this, they were indignant with the two brothers. Jesus called them together and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be your slave — just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many.” (Matthew 20: 20-28)

Reflection

It was obvious that the sons of Zebedee put up their mother to make this personal request from Jesus to seat them at His right and at His left in His kingdom. Earlier, they had heard the Lord declare, “Amen, I say to you that you who have followed me, in the new age, when the Son of Man is seated on his throne of glory, will yourselves sit on 12 thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel” (Mt.19:28). Being the first cousins of the Lord, (Mrs. Zebedee was the sister of the Blessed Mother), they must have felt that they had the right of first priority. And indeed, St. James was given the first priority of martyrdom among the twelve apostles.

The ambition of the brothers James and John provided the opening for Jesus to prophesy their destiny. He told them, “My cup you will indeed drink.,,” (Mt. 20: 22-23). The brothers did take the cup of Jesus’ suffering, albeit in different circumstances. According to St. Luke’s account, St. James was the first apostle to die of martyrdom in the hands of King Herod Agrippa, who had him arrested and beheaded (Acts 12:2). On the other hand, St. John’s cup of agony took a much longer period. For the next eighty years or so, according to Church history, he travelled across pagan territories, and founded churches in Smyrna, Pergamos, Philadelphia, Sardis, Laodicia and Thyatira. He was imprisoned in Ephesus and sent to Rome, where he was thrown into a cauldron of boiling oil, but miraculously survived without any injuries. In the end he was exiled by Emperor Domitian to the Isle of Patmos, where he wrote the Book of Revelation. Unlike his brother James who was the first martyr, this apostle that Jesus loved the most was the only one among the twelve who did not suffer a violent death. He died in Ephesus at the age of ninety-five years, the last of the apostles.

Ambition is not wrong, provided it is focused in the right direction. If we must aspire for the highest, let us follow the lead of the saints, like St. James and St. John, who finally realized that the greatest in God’s kingdom are those who make themselves the last and the least here on earth. Those who give their most to the least in God’s eyes are the greatest.

Grant us the grace, Lord God, to see that the only way to prominence in Your sight is to give of ourselves in humble service. May this be our sole ambition in this short life that we live to be assured of an eternal place in Your kingdom. Amen.

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