Lessons in the Perfect Prayer

Matthew 6: 7-15
Is 55: 10-11/ Ps 34: 4-7, 16-19

If you do not forgive others, your Father will not forgive you either.
(Matthew 6:15)

God wants us to pray every day
The most complete prayer there is.
As Jesus taught us how to pray,
Pray it for love, mercy, and peace.

Jesus instructed His disciples on praying: “Your Father knows what you need, before you ask Him. Pray, then, in this way: Our Father Who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on earth as it is heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. Do not bring us to the test, but deliver us from evil. If you forgive others their wrongs, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive others, then your Father will not forgive you either.” (Mt. 6: 8-15)


Jesus presented God to His disciples as a personal, loving Father, in contrast to the common perception of the Jews at that time, who viewed Yahweh God as a distant authority figure, awesome and severe, who only communicated with their prophets. This was how the pagan religions worshipped their gods, to whom some of them even sacrificed their own kind to win favors or answers to their prayers. To the Jews at that time, this teaching of Jesus must have seemed too radical, or even bordering on blasphemy. But Jesus taught with such authority that His disciples followed His example, and the whole Christian world is the better for it. Thus, when we pray to God, we should feel His presence like a father near his child.

At the same time, Jesus also taught us that we must acknowledge God as the King of all creation. He is the Ruler of our lives; thus we must subjugate our will to His will, and trust in all His plans for us. (“Thy Kingdom come, Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.”) He is the Lord of lords, who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting power” (1 Tim. 6:15-16).

It is with an attitude of deep reverence for His Holy Name that we should approach God in prayer. That is why Jesus taught us to say, “Hallowed be Thy Name” (or “May Your Name be holy forever”). After the first commandment in the Decalogue, where Yahweh God demanded total fidelity (“Thou shall not have other gods besides me”), the second is: “You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain” (Deut.5:11). People who do not take this commandment seriously are more likely to commit the unpardonable sin of blasphemy.

In this prayer, our Lord also taught us the value of forgiveness. “. . .forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.” How indeed can we expect God to forgive our sins if we cannot forgive those who have wronged us? We might be powerless in times of tests (temptations), but it is never beyond our power to forgive. To forgive is the way to “love our enemies”, as Jesus encourages us to do.

Finally, Jesus taught us that we have to acknowledge God our Father as our Divine Provider, on Whom we depend for everything we need. In this way we are humbling ourselves, and putting our life totally under His care. For indeed our food and all our material needs come from Him; the forgiveness of our sins comes from Him (even our capacity to forgive comes from Him); and our protection from the snares of the evil one comes from Him. If we can meditate on all of these lessons that Jesus has taught us while we are praying to the Father, then we have made it a perfect prayer.

Dear God, grant that we may honor Your Name in the words that we speak, and follow Your will in everything we set out to do, following the example of our Lord Jesus Christ, Who has taught us the way to love and adore You as our Father. Lord Jesus, we thank You for teaching us how to pray to God, our Father, so that we may always be trusting in His mercy and learning the value of forgiveness. Amen.

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