The First Miracle in Cana

John 2: 1-11
1 Jn 5: 14-21/ Ps 149

“Woman, how does your concern affect me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever He tells you.”
(John 2:4-5)

Christ transformed water into wine
To signify our conversion --
Our change is part of God’s design
Thru our Mother’s intercession.

On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, and Jesus and His disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to Him, “They have no more wine.” Jesus replied, “Woman, why do you involve me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim. Then He told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.” They did so, and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.” What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which He revealed His glory; and His disciples believed in Him. (John 2:1-11)


The town of Cana was quite some distance from where Jesus and His mother lived. St. John in his gospel account wrote that the wedding was held “on the third day” (Jn.2:1), which probably meant Jesus and His mother had to travel for two days, and were most likely accompanied by some of His newly “recruited” apostles (Andrew and another disciple of John the Baptist, Peter, Philip and Nathaniel). Traditionally, wedding celebrations in Israel at that time would last for as long as a week, with families and friends of the bride and groom drinking with merriment. It was customary therefore to limit the number of guests attending. In all likelihood, the mother of Jesus was related to the groom or bride, because she was most apprehensive when the wine ran out, and approached (or reproached) her Son, (Who had brought five extra ‘guzzlers’) for help. She knew that her Son would not refuse her urgent request, even if His time “had not yet come,” so she told the servants, “Do whatever He tells you.” It is tempting to believe that our Lord chose six stone water jars, each capable of holding 20 to 30 gallons, telling the servers to fill them to the brim, to represent their gifts to the newlyweds, one jar each for Jesus and His five apostles. And for His mother’s sake, our Lord transformed the water into the best tasting wine that the headwaiter had ever tasted.

While the first miracle of Jesus transformed water into wine, it prefigured His last greatest miracle before His death — the Transubstantiation — where He changed the wine into His own blood and the bread into His own body. The miracle at Cana also gives us other significant points to ponder. It happened during a wedding, a joining of two loving individuals who would bring forth new life. It involved one of the most common elements of nature, water, signifying life, being transformed into another liquid most precious to man for thousands of years since he first learned to plant the vine. God in His great love cares for our merriment and joy, not our suffering. Our pains are only the result of our abuses, as when we drink wine to excess and later suffer a hangover. And finally, Mary, the Mother of Jesus and our Mother. Jesus was pointing her out to us in this miracle. Her intercession IS powerful, even if it is not yet the time. That is perhaps why we need to pray her rosary every day. And her advice is golden: “DO WHAT HE TELLS YOU.”

Thank you, Jesus, for giving us Mary, Your Mother, to be our Intercessor to You. May we heed her call to do all that You have told us to do in Your Gospel. Amen.

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